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Died on this day in 1471 aged 17 Edward of Westminster (my toy,wikipedia). Son of Henry VI (probably) and Margaret of Anjou. Margaret fled with Edward to France, after loosing to the Yorkists. Whilst there "in 1467 the ambassador of the Duchy of Milan to the court of France wrote that Edward "already talks of nothing but cutting off heads or making war, as if he had everything in his hands or was the god of battle or the peaceful occupant of that throne."" (from wikipedia) - Edward was Not Very Nice. He married Anne Neville (later married to Richard III) and invaded England with the help of Anne's father (who had changed sides); he lost, and died at, the battle of Tewkesbury, and that was the end of the main Lancastrian line.

Born on this day in 1008 to King Robert II of France and Constance of Arles, King Henry I of France (my toy,wikipedia). Uncle of Matilda who married William the Conker. Under Henry France was the smallest it has ever been. He married twice, lastly to Anne/Anna/Agnes of Kiev, which is going further away to find a wife than usual.
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Died on this day in 1495 aged 80 Cecily Neville (my toy,wikipedia). Mother of Edward IV and Richard III. Grand-daugher of John-of-Gaunt and Katherine Swynford. She spelled her name Cecylle, spelling was less... standardised back then and not everyone agrees on the spelling of a name. I would like my database to know that mostly Catherine/Katherine/Kathryne are the SAME NAME but I'm not sure how to teach it that, especially considering that CURRENTLY people are very attached to their spellings, and presumably the Duchess of Cambridge would object should I get her name wrong (if she knew, I mean). (Note to self - one baby girl to add... further note - should monitor currently alive people carefully in general). Cecily was the aunt of the Kingmaker (it's a big family, lots of men with the same name).

Born on this day in 1105 to Count Eustance III of Boulogne and Mary of Scotland, Countess Matilda of Boulougne (my toy,wikipedia). Wife of King Stephen (yes, he knew LOTS of women called Matilda-or-maybe-Maud; no, I don't know why Matilda and Maud are the same name, it's a lot less obvious that Catherine and Katherine). She was Stephen's 8th Cousin, they are both descendants of Alfred the Great (I guess that by today most people are...), she supported her husband in the civil war in England.
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Oops

Died yesterday in 1302 aged 54 Blanche of Artois (my toy,wikipedia). Daughter-in-law of Henry III. Edmund Crouchback was her 2nd husband, and she his 2nd wife (people died a lot, this was not an uncommon situation to be in).

Born yesterday in 1902 to Claude Bowes-Lyon and Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck, David Bowes-Lyon (my toy,wikipedia). Brother of the Queen Mother. He worked in Propaganda during the war and was later president of the Royal Horticultural Society.
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Died on this day in 1118 aged 38 Matilda of Scotland (my toy,wikipedia). Wife of King Henry I. Matilda was the daughter of the King of Scotland. She married Henry on 11/11/1100 which is a nice date :) She was sent to a nunnery when young, but did not become a nun, and was subsequently permitted to marry.

Born on this day in 1850 to Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Queen Victoria of UK, Prince Arthur (my toy,wikipedia). Arthur was an army man, and later governor of Canada.
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Died on this day in 1837 aged 73 Luise of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (my toy,wikipedia). Mother of Adelaide, who married William IV. Luise ruled Saxe-Meiningen as regent while her son (the next Duke) was a child.

Born on this day in 1662 to King James VII of Scotland & II of England and Anne Hyde, Queen Mary II of England (my toy,wikipedia). Mary was the daughter of James VII &II, her husband William II &III was the son of James' sister (also Mary); James was overthrown for being too Catholic and William & Mary became joint monarchs after the "Glorious Revolution", when Mary died William became King, when he died Mary's sister Anne became Queen (William and Mary had no children) when Anne was settled on as William's heir she had no living children and the succession looked in doubt the Act of Settlement 1701 was passed to make Sophia of Hanover next-in-line after Anne, and ruling that no Catholic should be allowed to be King.
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Finished:
The how not to die book. Good reminder of things I already know, and also of the existence of things I don't know... but not a good way to learn how to do new things (helpful advice on calling for help, and what emergency supplies to take, etc. though).

Current:
Three Body Problem - continues amazing. Rather more realistic physics concerning the titular problem than Nightfall managed.

Lovelace and Babbage - couldn't resist. See. Want. Have. Start Reading. Easy to read in bits.


Next:
Well, there's still the Seanan novella, and the Sanderson novellas, and Flex. Haven't picked yet.
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Died on this day in 1417 aged 40 King Louis II of Naples (my toy,wikipedia). Grandfather of Margaret of Anjou, wife of Henry VI. Allied with various anti-popes (do popes and anti-popes annihilate on contact??)

Born on this day in 1618 to Duke Ranuccio I of Parma and Margherita Aldobrandini, Vittoria Farnese (my toy,wikipedia). Married the widower of her sister whose grand-daughter Mary of Modena married James VII & II.
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Died on this day in 1074 or 1076 (wikipedia claims that there is confusion over they year but not the date, OK then) aged 55 King Sweyn II of Denmark (my toy,wikipedia). Grandson of Sweyn who was briefly King of England (father of Cnut who was more convincingly King of England, or at least bits of it). He had to fight for the Danish throne, which was also claimed by Harald Hardrada; eventually it was settled so Hardrada got Norway and Sweyn Denmark, after Hardrada was defeated at Stamford bridge Sweyn mounted an invasion in alliance with Edgar Aetheling (grandson of King Edmund Ironside) but only got as far as York before taking money from William to give up.

Born on this day in 1442 to Richard Plantagenet and Cecily Neville, King Edward IV of England (my toy,wikipedia). Richard was descended from Edward III's son Lionel, through a daughter, and also from Edward's son Edmund; which Henry VI descended from Edward's son John. Lionel was older than John, Edmund younger. Salic law ought not apply, but Henry IV had taken the throne from Richard II through force, so Henrys V and VI presumably felt it was rightly theirs. Richard may not have disagreed so strongly if Henry VI wasn't useless as King due to (poorly specified) illness. Anyway Richard never got to be King, because he died fighting. His son Edward inherited his claim and managed to actually succeed at fighting and then he was overthrown in favour of the (still ill) Henry VI, and then he won again and this time both Henry VI and his son Edward were killed (Edward at Tewksbury, Henry in London (perhaps of natural causes, perhaps not)). Edward married Elizabeth Woodville in secret although not secret *enough* to pretend it never happened, and had her crowned Queen - the first commoner to be crowned as Queen - and had 10 children with her.
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Died: electol John of saxony (1137). Step-father of Caroline, wife of George II. Pushed into marriage to attempt to split him from his mistress, who may have been his illegitimate half-sister, it didn't work and the marriage was a disaster.

Born : Charlotte (3244). Sister-in-law of the husband of Queen Anne. Raised in the Reformed faith she managed to avoid conversion to Lutheranism when she married king Christian of Denmark. I confess to not understanding the difference
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Died on this day in 1395 aged 52 Catherine of Bohemia (my toy,wikipedia). Half sister of Anne, who married Richard II; Catherine married twice, but had no children.

Born on this day in 1575 to Grand Duke Francesco I de'Medici and Joanna of Austria, Marie de'Medici (my toy,wikipedia). Wife of Henry IV of France, mother of Henrietta who married Charles I. Regent for her young son Louis XII, she held on to power long after he was a legal adult, he eventually asserted his power and banished her from court. A great schemer.
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Died on this day in 1397 aged 47 Thomas Holland (my toy,wikipedia). Half brother of Richard II; ancestor of a lot of people who were important in the Wars of the Roses (everyone is related to everyone, of course, that's why it is the Cousins' War)

Born on this day in 1284 to King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile, King Edward II of England (my toy,wikipedia). Forced to abdicate in favour of his son.
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Died on this day in 1981 aged 76 Princess Margarita of Greece and Denmark (my toy,wikipedia). Sister of Prince Philip (husband to the current Queen). Married a man who was both her 2nd cousin once removed and her 3rd cousin.

Born on this day in 1533 William I, Prince of Orange (my toy,wikipedia). Great-grand-father of William II & III. Had 4 wives, two of them called Anna (I guess that's one way not to get the wrong name).
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Died on this day in 1016 aged 50 King Aethelred the Unready (my toy,wikipedia). Here "unready" is not the modern English word but an Old English word meaning "poor counsel" so more correctly "Aethelred the ill-advised" (which is A Joke, because Aethelred means "noble counsel"; also he was badly advised). Allegedly (probably not) he invented trial by jury. He certainly spent a lot of time fighting or trying to appease the Danes who were various invading and taking Danegeld; eventually Aethelred lost to Cnut.


Born on this day in 1464 Joan of France (my toy,wikipedia). Wife of Louis XII who later married Mary Tudor (Henry VIII's sister, not his daughter; incidentally half of everyone in Game of Thrones should be called Elizabeth, Mary, Henry, or Edward - in history loads of people have the same name, but you rarely see it in fantasy novels except for previous kings who don't appear in the books). Joan was the daughter of Louis XI. Louis XI was followed on the throne by his only son Charles VIII, who had no sons; Louis XII was the grandson of Charles V (also great-grandfather of Louis XII) and inherited because of salic law; having failed to take the throne by force earlier. Anyway, Joan was betrothed to Louis when they were both very young, he had the marriage annulled as soon as he became King (on the grounds that she was physically deformed such that the marriage was impossible to consummate and that he had been forced into the marriage). Joan became a Nun, and was canonized in 1950.
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Finished
Goblin Emperor (Addison, Katherine)
I was distracted from the climbing book... this is really good, very hard to put down! The very first scene reminds me strongly of the last scene in a different book (naming it is now a spoiler, please rot13 in comments, because others may not have read both) except that Maia (the protagonist of this book) is caught rather less prepared.


Current
Rock Climbing, Essential Skills and Techniques (Peter, Libby)

This is a combination of the bloody obvious and the terrifyingly confusing. Hopefully I will figure it out.

Three-Body Problem (Liu, Cixin; trans. by Liu, Ken from Chinese)

So far this is very interesting. I don't often read works in translation, so I have no idea if this is typical of Chinese SF, if it is I should clearly read more. It is volume 1 of 3, the other two presumably to be translated and publish in English in due course (Tor have announced the cover for #2)


Next
probably the Seanan McGuire novella sitting on my table at home. (I rather hate the way that it is possible to import physical books but not ebooks; stupid lack of free trade, stupid publishing industry, etc.)
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Died on this day in 1355 aged 36 Eleanor of Woodstock (my toy,wikipedia). Daughter of Edward II. Married her 2nd cousin twice removed who was rather older than her. After she was widowed she was left in poverty, and ended her life in a convent.

Born on this day in 1451 to King John II of Castile and Isabella of Portugal, Queen Isabella I of Castile (my toy,wikipedia). Mother of Catherine of Aragon (wife of Henry VIII). Her marriage to the King of Aragon united Castile and Aragon in personal union. They threw out all the Jews and Muslims from Spain and sponsored Christopher Columbus to go fuck over the new world too. Yay...
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Died on this day in 1509 aged 52 King Henry VII of England (my toy,wikipedia). Put an end (ish) to the wars of the roses by winning the battle of Bosworth Field (defeating Richard III and burying him in a carpark) and marrying his 3rd cousin Elizabeth, daughter of King Edward IV (Richard III's brother) thus jointing the houses of York and Lancaster to form the House of Tudor. He managed to leave the throne to his son Henry VIII without any fighting, a big achievement following all the previous shenanigans.


Born on this day in 1926 to King George VI of GB and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, Queen Elizabeth II of UK (my toy,wikipedia). Currently Queen. Happy birthday dear Queeeeeenie, happy birthday to you.
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I'm sure I started yesterday's... obviously I didn't get around to posting it.

Also, apparently the auto-email thing doesn't believe in BST...

Died yesterday in 1137 aged 38 Duke William X of Aquitaine (my toy,wikipedia). Father of Eleanor, wife of Henry II.

I've got no-one born on the 19th April; out of 1767 people with known birthdays. I'm not sure if this is especially unlikely.

Died on this day in 1578 aged 33 Lady Mary Grey (my toy,wikipedia). Sister of Jane Grey. Since Queen Elizabeth had no children the surviving Grey sisters were her heirs - both married without permission, and were arrested for doing so.

Born on this day in 1884 to Duke Alfred of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Grand Duchess Maria of Russia, Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (my toy,wikipedia). Grand-daughter of Queen Victoria. Beatrice married into the Spanish royal family and converted to Catholicism.
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Died on this day in 1712 aged 19 Louisa Stuart (my toy,wikipedia). Daughter of James II & VII, born after his exile, she lived in France.

Born on this day in 1622 to Frederick V Elector Palatine and Elizabeth the Winter Queen, Princess Louise of the Palatinate (my toy,wikipedia). Grandchild of James I &VI, aunt of George I. Louise was a talented painter, some of her works are in German museums. To the confusion of her family she went to France, converted to Catholicism and became a nun.
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Died on this day in 1271 aged 30 Isabella of France (my toy,wikipedia); cousin once removed of the wife of Henry III. Married the King of Navarre, as part of a peace deal between her father (the King of France) and her new-husband. She went on Crusade with her father and husband, who both then died, she retired to Provence.

Born on this day in 1154 to King Sancho VI of Navarre and Sancha of Castile, Sancho VII of Navarre (my toy,wikipedia). Brother of Berengaria who married Richard I. Fought with other bits of Spain, and was quite friendly towards England.
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Died on this day in 1375 aged 27 John Hastings (my toy,wikipedia). Married Margaret, daughter of Edward III. He was born after the death of his father.

Born on this day in 1588 to Duke Charles I of Savoy and Infanta Catherine of Spain, Emanuel of Savoy (my toy,wikipedia). Grandchild of Philip II of Spain who had married Mary I (through another wife). Emanuel was going to be a priest but instead he joined the military, later becoming Grand Admiral of Spain. He died of plague, without every marrying.
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Finished:
Lagoon (Okorafor,Nnedi). Which is awesome. It's got aliens, but also magic. It's set in Lagos, Nigeria (and the author is Nigerian American), which is a nice change.

Current:
Literally just finished Lagoon.
I'm still working on the Other Half of the Sky; which is still a diverse collection of short stories, which makes it hard to get really stuck into for hours.

Next:
Well, I've got a Seanan McGuire novella to read (imported at great expense from Subteranean Press because the publishing industry thinks it's amusing to region-lock things, so ebooks are only available to people with US billing addresses, but of course you can actually IMPORT paper books). Because it's on paper it's not with me on my ereader... it's also very pretty, and I don't want to bash it up. Mermaids! I am excited.

Also I just bought Goblin Emperor. It's up for a Hugo, so I should probably read it soon.

I still have Flex, and also some Sanderson novellas...

And I've found the Locus best of 2014 list... which might keep me going a while.

But I think the next thing to read is the how-not-to-die climbing book, before I go on a climbing trip and need to know how not to die doing it (I mostly know that already). Borrowing the book from Emperor.
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Died on this day in 1053 aged 52 Godwin (my toy,wikipedia). Father of Harald Godwinson. Earl of Wessex. Godwin supported Cnut, and later his sons Harald Harefoot and Harthacnut; after Harthacnut's death Godwin then supported Edward, the last surviving son of Aethelred the Unready, who had be living in Normandy (presumably to avoid Cnut et. al.) who married Godwin's daughter Edith (this is about as close as the house of Godwin get to a "legitimate claim" to the throne, obviously having an army was vastly more important). After his death Harold succeeded him in Wessex.

Born on this day in 1367 to John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster, King Henry IV of England (my toy,wikipedia). Nicked the throne offof Richard II. In a move not guaranteed to ensure the future peaceful stability of the country.
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Died on this day in 1471 aged 42 Richard Neville (my toy,wikipedia). Father of Anne, who married Richard III; and a descendent of John of Gaunt. Earl of Warwick. Known as "Kingmaker" for his part in the Wars of the Roses; most of that story is pretty well known.

Born on this day in 1857 to Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Queen Victoria of UK, Princess Beatrice (my toy,wikipedia). Beatrice was a close confidante of her mother, and stayed close to her even after she married.
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Died on this day in 1275 aged 60 Eleanor of Leicester (my toy,wikipedia). Daughter of John. She married for the first time at *9*. Shockingly young. He died 7 years later (she was then 16), they had no children (lucky her). She married again, secretly, to Simon de Montfort. They were later exiled after de Montfort tried to take the thrown by force.

Born on this day in 1662 to Duke John I of Saxe-Eisenach and Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein, Princess Eleonore of Saxe-Eisenach (my toy,wikipedia). Mother of Caroline of Ansbach who married George II. Her second marriage was a disaster, he wanted to marry his mistress (apparently not posh enough for his family) and even tried to have his wife killed.
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Oops.

Died yesterday in 902Ealhswith (my toy,wikipedia). daughter-in-law of Edward III; great great grand daughter of Edward I. Married 4 times and had no children.

Born yesterday in 1577 to King Frederick II of Denmark and Norway and Sophie of Mecklenburg-Gustrow, King Christian IV of Denmark (my toy,wikipedia). Nephew of Anne who married James I and VI. Had 2 wives, a lot of children, and a war with Sweden.
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Died on this day in 1447 aged 70 Henry Beaufort (my toy,wikipedia). One of the children of John of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford. Bishop of Winchester, and a Cardinal. Part of the regency council when Henry VI was a child. Presided over the trial of Joan of Arc.

Born on this day in 1374 to Edmund Mortimer and Philippa, Roger Mortimer (my toy,wikipedia). Father of Anne who married a grandson of Edward III. Also the son of Philippa, daughter of Lionel of Antwerp, son of Edward III; so possibly he ought have been king rather than Henry IV, son of John of Gaunt who was a younger son of Edward III. But the Mortimer claim is via a woman! which is clearly bad! Or maybe Henry *had a bigger army*. Anyway, he didn't get to Be King.
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Died on this day in 1183 aged 56 Peter I of Courtenay (my toy,wikipedia). Grandfather of the wife of King John, child of Louis VI.

Born on this day in 1512 to King James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor, King James V of Scotland (my toy,wikipedia). Grandfather of James VI & I. He would sometimes travel around Scotland disguised as a common man, describing himself as the "Gudeman of Ballengeich" <- today's interesting fact is that this is a dance, and I didn't know it was about James V.
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Died on this day in 1483 aged 40 King Edward IV of England (my toy,wikipedia). Managed to finish off Henry VI, but ended up fighting his own brothers...

Born on this day in 1634 to Frederick Prince of Orange and Amalia of Solms-Braunfels, Albertine of Nassau (my toy,wikipedia). Aunt of William II & III.
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Do I need tags? maybe I need tags? question deferred to another day when I'm less busy.

Finished:
What makes this book so great.
Nice series of essays about books, not really lit-crit so much as 'squeee'. Fun. Some of the books sound great, some sound like I would only have liked them had I read them when 15... might read some of them (certainly should get around to some Delany).

The Seams Between the Stars. Kameron Hurley. a Bel Dame Apocrypha short story. A different perspective. I liked it.

Current:
I picked up The Other Half of the Sky again (I've had it on the go for a while). It is a collection of short stories. I am bad at reading collections of short stories by different authors. Too bitty (have I maybe mentioned that I really like really long form fantasy? like Wheel of Time? maybe? I do like short stories too, but I hate changing context all the time). The stories are nice though, I expect to keep reading a few at a time until I get through it.

Lagoon; Nnedi Okorafo. I have read about 10 pages, I have no opinion yet.

To Read:
Unsure? I bought Flex (by ferrett) because I read his blog. I hope it is good. I also bought some Sanderson novellas, because I sort of compulsively by everything he writes. I think I should probably get ahold of Nova (Delany) and some Cherryh (I'll probably start at the beginning in publication order) at some point.

Sad Puppies, to read or not to read?

Er, am I really going to read everything by John C Wright? I think probably not. I will give the shorts a go. But really, judging from last year I'm going to be less OMG THIS IS EVIL and more "uh, this is kinda dull". I'll certainly read the Goblin Emperor at some point and expect to have an opinion on whether it was better than Ancillary Sword or not; other than that my Hugo Voting might best be summed up with "fuck puppies" because right now I'm just mostly REALLY CROSS.
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Died on this day in 1364 aged 44 King John II of France (my toy,wikipedia). Grandfather of Joan of Navarre who married Henry IV. Created the Franc (to pay off a ransom)

Born on this day in 1818 to Duke Friedrich of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Gucksburg and Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel, King Christian IX of Denmark (my toy,wikipedia). Father of Alexandra who married Edward VII. Married his second cousin and then married their children into royal families across Europe making him an ancestor of most current European monarch (I'm not sure what % of monarchs in 1818 would share that distinction... and interesting question, but one I don't have time to turn into SQL right now).

An SQL question - can I write a thing that makes SORT BY sort in some custom order? Or do I need to give the things numbers (bit of a hack?). I want to sort by title and have it come out starting Emperor, then King, then Duke, etc. rather than alphabetically.
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Died on this day in 1419 aged 72 Joan FitzAlan (my toy,wikipedia). Mother of Mary de Bohun wife of Henry, later IV. She had a lot of land, money, and power and seems to have been keen on industrialising the cloth production business.

Born on this day in 1944 to Prince Gottfried of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and Princess Margarita of Greece and Denmark, Prince Rupprecht of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (my toy,wikipedia). Prince Philip's nephew. About whom I know nothing else.
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Died on this day in 1199 aged 41 King Richard Lionheart (my toy,wikipedia). Usually portrayed as the "good king" in contrast to his brother John, Richard spent most of his reign crusading and not running England. He was also horrid to Jews. And probably not really all that great.

Born on this day in 1492 to Sir Thomas Green and Joan Fogge, Maud Green (my toy,wikipedia). Mother of Catherine Parr (wife of Henry VIII). An educated women she was in charge of the court school.

Lent

Apr. 5th, 2015 05:59 pm
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Although I gave up being Catholic I still "do" Lent. I often give up booze, which I did this year. Now, there are things that would be much *harder* to give up, like Facebook or wearing purple or spending money; but I think that giving up booze is actually good for me, as well as useful personal discipline although I like gin too much to give it up entirely (and indeed have some rhubarb and ginger liquor I'm rather looking forward to).

As usual I have discovered that much harder than not drinking is a)that pubs have crappy non-alcohol options; I'm happy with water with food, but if I've gone out for a drink-and-chat and it is late enough for coffee to be unwise then I end up drinking ludicrous quantities of lemonade (which I don't even like) and b)people offer me alcohol A WHOLE LOT and turning down such offers is Socially Hard (Lent is a great 'excuse') which I find somewhat icky in general (although of course people I know know that I generally *do* drink, I'm sure it'd be different with close friends if I didn't, but also that I'd constantly be reminding acquaintances).

Since it is now Easter I have some tasty chocolate eggs to nom, and some gin ;-p
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Died on this day in 1168 aged 64 Robert de Beaumont (my toy,wikipedia). Grandfather of Isabella, wife of King John. Robert was involved in the war between Stephen and Matilda, but seems to have come through unscathed.

Born on this day in 1863 to Grand Duke Louis IV of Hesse and by Rhine and Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine (my toy,wikipedia). Grand-daughter of Queen Victoria. Grand-mother of Price Philip (husband of Elizabeth II). She married Prince Louis of Battenberg, and during WWI they renounced their German titles and took the English name "Mountbatten" (which is just a translation of "Battenberg"). in 1863 April 5th was also Easter Sunday (as it is today). After the early death of her mother Victoria became effectively the mother of her younger siblings (although obviously she had help to deal with the practical aspects she was effectively the one "in charge", this was in 1878 so Victoria was 15). She married in 1882 (Louis was her first cousin once removed, being her father's cousin; I think my parents' cousins are probably my parents' age... but he was born in 1854 so only 9 years older than her) and moved to England. She flew on a Zeppelin (envy).
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Died on this day in 1588 aged 53 King Frederick II of Denmark and Norway (my toy,wikipedia). Father of Anne who married James VI & I. A military man he was fond of wine, women, and over eating. The wine may have been the cause of his death.

Born on this day in 1339 to Henry of Grosmont and Isabel of Beaumont, Maud of Lancaster (my toy,wikipedia). Also known as Matilda (apparently Maud and Matilda are the same name, this is confusing). Aunt of Henry VI (sister of his mother, Blanche). She and her sister were the only children of the Duke of Lancaster, the Duchy became extinct at his death, but the earldom of Lancaster went to John of Gaunt (Blanche's husband) whilst the Earldom of Leicester went to Maud's husband (terribly unfair, women not being able to inherit titles!) (Leicester went to Blanche after Maud died only a year later without living children).
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Died on this day in 1538 aged 58 Lady Elizabeth Howard (my toy,wikipedia). Married Thomas Boleyn and was mother to Anne, wife of Henry VIII. She was lady-in-waiting to both Elizabeth of york and Catherine of Aragon. There is no truth to the rumour, circulated at the time of Anne's imprisonment that she had been Henry's mistress.

Born on this day in 1311 to Humphrey de Bohun and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, Margaret de Bohun (my toy,wikipedia). Granddaughter of Edward I. She had 13 children with her husband Hugh de Courtenay, that's a whole lot of children (probably helped to get started early, having been engaged at 4 she was married at 14, a practice largely confined to the very rich incidentally - most people could not afford to marry anything like that young). she was an educated woman and a scholar, unusual in the 14th century.

People might be amused by http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/ucgi/~naath/countNames.py which is a list of names people had (I tried to keep it to personal names) and the ealiest and latest dates people with those names were born.
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Died on this day in 1272 aged 63 Richard (my toy,wikipedia). Second son of King John, and brother to Henry III. Richard was elected King of Germany, but he rarely went there.

Born on this day in 1653 to King Frederick III of Denmark and Norway and Sophie of Brunswick-Luneburg, Prince George of Denmark (my toy,wikipedia). Husband of Queen Anne.
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Finished:
Mrs Bradshaws' Handbook to the Ankh Morpork and Sto Plains Hygienic Railway. Terry Pratchett. This is an amusing addition to the Discworld books, spun-off from Raising Steam in which the Disc gets a railway. It's basically a guide book to the railway and the places it goes through.

Reading:
What Makes This Book So Great. Still. It's a long book.

Next:
uhhhhhh dunno.
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Died on this day in 1204 aged 82 Eleanor of Aquitaine (my toy,wikipedia). Eleanor was first married to Louis VII, this marriage was annulled on account of them being 3rd cousins once removed (well, really because they had fallen out, but this was the reason for the annulment). She then married her 3rd cousin Henry II... these rules about not marrying one's 3rd cousin were, um, not always obeyed? Henry an Eleanor fell out too, but did not seek a divorce and she continued to be his wife but lived in Poitiers; she later supported her son Henry in revolt against his father. After this Eleanor was imprisoned in England. She was released after Henry II died, he was succeeded by their son Richard - when he went off crusading she ruled as his regent.

Born on this day in 1886 to Claude Bowes-Lyon and Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck, John Bowes-Lyon (my toy,wikipedia). Brother of the Queen Mother. His wife was Fenella Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis which is a lot of name!
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Died on this day in 1621 aged 42 King Philip III of Spain (my toy,wikipedia). Son of Philip II (who had been married to Queen Mary I) by Anne of Austria. He expelled the Moriscos from Spain (these people being the descendants of Muslims who had converted to Catholicism), and was involved in lots of wars.

Born on this day in 1900 to King George V of the UK and Mary of Teck, Prince Henry (my toy,wikipedia). Henry was mostly an army man, he would have been regent for Queen Elizabeth II had she become Queen before becoming an adult (which she didn't).
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Died on this day in 2002 aged 101 Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (my toy,wikipedia). The mother of our current Queen. In "intersects with my life" I was dragged to London to attend the lying in state; which was a lot of queuing for little gain (can you tell I'm not a Monarchist?). Unusually for wives of Princes Elizabeth was not a foreign princess but the daughter of an English peer (not uniquely though).

Born on this day in 1963 to John Darlrymple and Davina Bowes-Lyon, David Darlrymple (my toy,wikipedia) . The Queen Mother's brother's grandson.
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Died on this day in 1703 aged 24 Margrave George II of Brandenburg-Ansbach (my toy,wikipedia). Half-brother of Caroline, wife of George II. George is a good name it seems :)

Born on this day in 1187 to Geoffrey II and Constance, Duke Arthur I of Brittany (my toy,wikipedia). Grandson of Henry II. Arthur's father was younger than Richard but older than John, and died before Arthur was born. Thus Arthur was heir apparent to Richard (who had no children). However Richard died when Arthur was still young, and declared his brother John his heir on his deathbed. After some fighting Arthur was imprisoned by John and nothing more is heard of him (presumably he was killed, or died, at some point). There was then confusion about the succession of the Duchy of Brittany which Arthur held through his mother, he was eventually succeeded by his half sister Alix. Arthur is NOT A GOOD NAME for people hoping to be King of England.
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Died on this day in 1884 aged 30 Prince Leopold (my toy,wikipedia). Child of Queen Victoria. He suffered from haemophilia, and died of it just before the birth of his second child.

Born on this day in 1785 to Duke Franz of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and Countess Aughusta of Ebersdorf, Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (my toy,wikipedia). Uncle of Queen Victoria (her mother's brother). Started out Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld but later Saxe-Coburg-Gotha after some territory was swapped (woo! German names, so... complicated).
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Died on this day in 1625 aged 58 King James VI of Scotland & I of England (my toy,wikipedia). James succeeded his mother Mary Queen of Scots in Scotland after she was forced to abdicate by Protestant rebels, he was at the time still an infant. He succeeded his second cousin twice removed Elisabeth I when she died childless; although earlier the Scottish descendants of Margaret Tudor were viewed as unsuitable claimants to the English throne, being Catholic, and ignored in favour of Jane, James had been raised Protestant after the ousting of his Catholic mother and was generally accepted. He was the target of the Catholic gunpowder plot.


Born on this day in 972 to King Hugh Capet and Adelaide of Aquitaine, King Robert II of France (my toy,wikipedia). Grand-father of Matilda who married William the Conker.
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Died on this day in 1780 aged 66 Duke Charles I of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel (my toy,wikipedia). Grandfather of Caroline who married George IV. Founded the Technical University of Brunswick, which is nice, but in general he was bad with money and nearly bankrupted the state, his eldest son managed to rescue the state finances.


Born on this day in 1687 to King George I of GB and Sophia of Celle, Sophia of Hanover (my toy,wikipedia). Daughter of George I. Married her first cousin the King of Prussia. They hated each other, and he was a horrible husband, beating her and their children (they had 14). Being a woman sucked a lot.

(But: Oh my! that dress! I want one)
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Finished:
Alif the Unseen (Wilson, G Willow)
This has djinn and computer programming and an excellent plot. Sort of Urban Fantasy maybe? (in that it's set sort-of-now and has djinn) but the setting is not like most of the other urban fantasy I have read. Very enjoyable read. Wilson mostly writes for comics, maybe there will be more novels?

Girl in the Dark (Lyndsey,Anna)
I read this because Women's Hour recommended it to me. It is a memoir by a woman with extreme photosensitivity who has to spend much of her life living in complete darkness to avoid painful skin issues. She writes engagingly, and I found it an interetsing read.

Reading:
Mrs Bradshaw's Handbook (PTerry). Still reading. It's on my desk at work for the spare moment. I love how Discworld went from a comedy set to somewhere that I can actually imagine real people living ordinary lives.

What Makes This Book So Great (Walton,Jo). This is a collection of blog posts originally published on Tor.com remarking about the greatness (or, sometimes, otherwise) or book when re-read. I am building a long list of books to read! Very bitty of course (each post is only a few pages).


To-read:
Not sure. I've got Americanah, and that book about Crusades and one about the North Sea and a bunch of Diamond and a huge list from WMTBSG... so, we'll see.
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Died on this day in 1323 aged 66 Mary of Hungary (my toy,wikipedia). Great-grand mother of Philippa who married Edward III. Mary probably started out a pagan Shamanist, but converted to Catholicism to marry Charles II of Naples. I don't think I've got too many people who aren't some sort of Christian, although I don't track this (it's not always obvious); maybe I should add a field for it. She married when she was only 12 and went on to have 14 children, the youngest when she was 14.

Born on this day in 1345 to Henry of Grosmont and Isabel of Beaumont, Blanche of Lancaster (my toy,wikipedia). Mother of Henry IV. Married John of Gaunt, her 2nd cousin once removed (wikipedia says 3rd cousin, which is also true, but I think 2nd-cousin-once-removed is closer?). She died much earlier than her husband but he was later buried with her (not with either of his subsequent wives).
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Seems I did today yesterday. Silly Silly. So, er, here's yesterday's people.

Died on this day yesterday in 1813 aged 75 Princess Augusta of Great Britain (my toy,wikipedia). Mother-in-law of George IV. Augusta married her second cousin, the Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel, she initially didn't like Brunswick much but fortunately it improved on her since she fell out with the English court (well, mostly the Queen, her sister in law).

Born on this day yesterday in 1430 to King Rene I of Naples and Duchess Isabella of Lorraine, Margaret of Anjou (my toy,wikipedia). Wife of Henry VI, her 3rd cousin. Margaret was a fierce Lancastrian, and took a large part in the Wars of the Roses; she ended her life an exile in France, after she lost everything in England. Margaret was rather more capable and interested than Henry it seems.
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Died on this day in 1603 aged 69 Queen Elizabeth I of England (my toy,wikipedia). Probably doesn't need much comment...

Born on this day in 1628 to Duke George of Brunswick-Luneburg and Anne of Hess Darmstadt, Sophie of Brunswick-Luneburg (my toy,wikipedia). Mother-in-law of Queen Anne, Queen-consort of Denmark and Norway (which seem to have been ruled by the same person at some but not all times in history; maybe I should find out about this). She seems to have started a war against Sweden. Wars are great right?

(I've gone back and changed the weekend's entries to have actual text rather than just numbers ;-p)
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Died on this day in 1686 aged 31 Margrave John of Brandenburg-Ansbach (my toy,wikipedia). Father-in-law of George II. Looks rather cute in that photograph.

Born on this day in 1519 to William Willoughby and Maria de Salinas, Catherine Willoughby (my toy,wikipedia). Charles Brandon's third wife, also a close friend of Catherine Parr's and rumoured to have been the King's next choice of wife...

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