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Oops, I went on holiday to the 17th century and didn't set this up first. So.

Died on the 22nd in 1409 aged 17 Blanche of England (my toy,wikipedia). Daughter of Henry IV. Blanche married the son of the King of Germany, the marriage was apparently happy although arranged for political reasons.

Born on the 22nd in 1770 to King George III of the United Kingdom and Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom (my toy,wikipedia). Although Elizabeth's upbringing was very sheltered she apparently followed the example of her brother's in "marrying" (it wasn't allowed) a commoner, and having a daughter with him, before marrying a German prince, which allowed her to move to Germany, and away from her rather controlling family.

Died on the 23rd in 1125 aged 38 Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (my toy,wikipedia). Husband of Matilda, who was never really Queen but possibly ought have been. Under Henry the argument about whether the King could invest Bishops was resolved as "no" but only after Henry had kidnapped the Pope, been excommunicated, and fought a lot of battles.

Born on the 23rd in 1730 to King Frederick I of Prussia and Sophia of Hanover, Prince Augustus of Prussia (my toy,wikipedia). Grandson of George I. Augustus was a military man, and he married his niece, which is still weird.

Died on this day in 1153 aged 69 King David I of Scotland (my toy,wikipedia). Brother of Matilda, who married Henry I. David was the son of King Malcolm III but was forced into exile in England by his Uncle Donald who took the throne after Malcolm. With the backing of Henry I he took it back. He overhauled basically the entire system of government in Scotland.

Born on the 24th in 1819 to Edward Hanover , Duke of Kent and Stathearn and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (my toy,wikipedia). Victoria became Queen because none of her Uncles had any legitimate children and she had no brothers. She reigned for longer than any other British monarch or female monarch anywhere (although Elizabeth II might outlast her). She was much more amused than often assumed :)

Died on this day in 992 aged 52 Mieszko Piast I, Duke of Poland (my toy,wikipedia). Father of Sigrid, who married Sweyn Forkbeard. Mieszko created the Polish state out of a collection of tribes, and converted to Christianity.

Born on this day in 1846 to Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, Princess Helena of the United Kingdom (my toy,wikipedia). Helena was very interested in nursing, and for a time the head of the Royal British Nurses' Association.
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Died on this day in 1471 aged 49 King Henry VI of England (my toy,wikipedia). Henry was pious and kind and mentally ill; and none of these things helped him keep control of England, the lack of royal control lead to a lack of general law-and-order and eventually the duke of York decided he should Be King instead and the Wars of the Roses began. Henry founded Eton, King's Cambridge and All Souls Oxford; all of which are still standing today.

Born on this day in 1527 to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and Isabella of Portugal, King Philip II of Spain (my toy,wikipedia). Husband of Mary I. Philip married 4 times, lastly to *his own niece* which I'm sure oughtn't be allowed. He ruled huge swathes of Europe and South America, which was a pretty difficult Empire to keep going.
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I'm still reading Rogues, it's long, and bitty.

Next up - Hugo nominated short fiction. I expect a lot of this to be shit, but I shall give it a go...
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Died on this day in 1837 aged 89 Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel (my toy,wikipedia). Grandson of George II, the last grandchild of George II to die.

Born on this day in 1315 to King John of Bohemia and Elizabeth of Bohemia, Bonne of Bohemia (my toy,wikipedia). Grandmother of Joan who married Henry IV. Born Jutta, which is a form of Judith but can be read as "good" in English her name was changed to "Bonne" or "Bona" when she married the future King of France.
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Died on this day in 1536 aged 35 Anne Boleyn (my toy,wikipedia). Executed for adultery, incest, and treason but really for the crime of "not having a son" and "not being Jane Seymour" (since Henry had got it in his head that he could switch wives, and the women of the court had discovered that if you held out for a ring you could get it... this was a very dangerous time to be Queen). Anne's father was "new money" by Tudor standards - his grandfather had been a Mercer, whilst her mother Elizabeth Howard was a descendant of Edward I. Her father survived Anne's execution, but was stripped of the office of Lord Privy Seal and did not survive for very long after. Anne had fought hard to be Henry's wife rather than his mistress, and fought hard for the church of England to be more Protestant.

Born on this day in 1744 to Charles Mecklenburg-Strelitz , Duke of Mecklenburg and Princess Elizabeth-Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (my toy,wikipedia). Charlotte married George III. The marriage was arranged and at the time she spoke almost no English. The marriage seems to have been more successful than many, and they had 15 children. When George became ill (likely with porphyria) it is his wife who assumed responsibility for his care (although this doesn't mean she actually *did the nursing*) whilst their son (the future George IV) ruled as regent.
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Died on this day in 1497 aged 39 Catherine Woodville (my toy,wikipedia). Sister of Elizabeth, wife of Edward V. Catherine married three times, for the first time whilst still a young child.

Born on this day in 1721 to Frederick II of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Princess Magdalena of Anhalt-Zerbst, Johann of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (my toy,wikipedia. Brother of Augusta, who was the mother of George III. An army man who doesn't seem to have done much interesting.
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Died on this day in 1536 aged 32 George Boleyn (my toy,wikipedia). Sister of Anne Boleyn, wife of Henry VIII. George was executed for adultery with Anne, which is extremely unlikely to have actually occurred, although some novelists find it entertaining.

Born on this day in 1768 to Charles Brenswick-Bevern, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel and Princess Augusta of Great Britain, Caroline of Brunswick (my toy,wikipedia). Wife of George IV, her first cousin. The marriage was very unhappy, and Caroline spent most of it out of England (she had been paid to go away).
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Died on this day in 1742 aged 1 Sophie Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Duchess of Mecklenburg (my toy,wikipedia). Sister of Charlotte who married George III. Only person I've got who died on 16th May or I wouldn't have had another depressing dead child. It is astonishing how many children of the very very wealthy, very very privileged people whose details I have collected didn't survive infancy. Thank fuck for antibiotics and vaccination.

Born on this day in 1225 to Hugh X of Lusignan and Isabella of Angouleme, William de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke (my toy,wikipedia). Isabella was the widow of King John, Hugh was meant to have married Isabella's daughter but apparently changed his mind when he saw her, the daughter married the king of Scotland instead. Not many royal widows have married again, although I have no idea if it was frowned at at the time Isabella did (when Catherine of Valois married Owen Tudor that was certainly frowned at). William generally fought for the king against de Montfort, and spent some time exiled for his trouble. William was Earl of Pembroke through his wife - in general if a woman inherited such a title it went to her husband. Because patriarchy sucks.
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Died on this day in 1658 aged 0 Dorothea (my toy,wikipedia). Sister of George who married Queen Anne. Died before her first birthday. I've been trying to avoid having too many of these, tragically there are lots.

Born on this day in 1981 to Mark Phillips, Captain Phillips and Anne Princess Royal, Zara Phillips (my toy,wikipedia). Grand-daughter of Elizabeth II. Zara is a champion horse-rider and she married an ex-rugby player.
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Died on this day in 1610 aged 56 King Henry IV of France (my toy,wikipedia). Father of Henrietta who married Charles I. Born a Protestant he converted to Catholicism only after becoming King (following a distant cousin, I guess Salic law makes finding the next-in-line harder sometimes) and discovering that being a protestant King of France was impossible. Famously "Paris is well worth a mass", it was under Henry that France claimed Canada.

Born on this day in 1316 to King John of Bohemia and Elizabeth of Bohemia, Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor (my toy,wikipedia). Father of Anne who married Richard II. Charles was the first King of Bohemia to be Holy Roman Emperor.
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Died on this day in 1768 aged 19 Princess Louisa of Great Britain (my toy,wikipedia). Grand-daughter of George II, sister of George III. Louisa was never in very good health, and died young.

Born on this day in 1254 to Henry III of Brabant and Adelaide of Burgundy, Marie of Brabant (my toy,wikipedia). Mother of Margaret, who married Edward I; wife of the King of France, her fourth cousin. She was suspected of having her step-son Louis poisoned, although that didn't make her son the heir as Louis had brothers. Marie outlived her husband, his successor as King, and all three of her own children, she died aged 66.
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"Rolling in the Deep". A Mira Grant novella about mermaids. I continue to mostly dislike the novella as a form, but I quite liked this one. Just the right amount of suspense horror. It was a limited edition sub. press run, and there is not UK ebook; I have the physical edition, if anyone would like to borrow it.

Altered Perceptions. I read all the author bios and essay, and about half the story snippets, as a lot were from works I haven't read; I particularly like Brandon Sanderson's early draft from Way of Kings.


I have started on Rogues, which is an anthology of LOTS of short stories. I'm chewing through them quite fast, although I read anthologies slower than novels, on account of having to change what I'm thinking about so often. I'm expecting there to be some Hugo nominated short work available at some point and this is easy to put down.


I'm still trying to fix the formatting issues with Crusades Through Arab Eyes. Also, Hugo nominated short work, eventually.
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Died on this day in 1295 aged 36 King Sancho IV of Castile (my toy,wikipedia).Nephew of Eleanor who married Edward I. Incidentally also descended from all of William the Conker, Harold Godwinson, and Alfred the Great. Also King of Leon and Galicia.

Born on this day in 1658 to Adolf I, Duke of Mecklenburg and Marie , Adolphus II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (my toy,wikipedia). Grandfather of Charlotte who married George III. Born after the death of his father, Adolphus was the first duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, which was part of the Holy Roman Empire.
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Died on this day in 1532 aged 53 Elizabeth Stafford (my toy,wikipedia). Daughter of Catherine Woodville, who was the sister of Elizabeth Woodville (wife of Edward IV); Elizabeth was also descended from John of Gaunt through her father. Elizabeth married the Earl of Sussex and had 3 sons and seems mostly to have avoided political hot water.

Born on this day in 1366 to Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and Elizabeth of Pomerania, Anne of Bohemia (my toy,wikipedia). Wife of Richard II (also his 4th cousin) and a descendant of Stephen. The marriage was arranged largely due to the schism between rival popes, and was unpopular at the time as Anne showed up without any money (and indeed money went the other way, most unusual). She doesn't seem to have really done very much.
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Died on this day in 1775 aged 23 Princess Caroline of Great Britain (my toy,wikipedia). Grand-daughter of George II, sister of George III (her father died before George II and was therefore never King). Caroline married her first cousin (also grandchild of George II) King Frederick of Denmark, when she was only 15. The marriage was not happy and ended in divorce after less than 6 years.

Born on this day in 1291 to Gilbert de Clare and Joan of Acre, Gilbert de Clare (my toy,wikipedia). Grandson of Edward I. Died fighting for Edward II at the battle of Bannockburn.
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Died on this day in 1382 aged 72 Margaret I, Countess of Burgundy (my toy,wikipedia). Great-grand-daughter of Philip III of France, whose daughter Margaret married Edward I. Also descended from Henry II. 2nd daughter of the King of France Margaret was Countess of Burgundy in her own right.

Born on this day in 1871 to Tsar Alexander III of Russia and Maria of Denmark, Grand Duke George of Russia (my toy,wikipedia). Grandson of Christian IX of Denmark whose daughter Alexandra married Edward VII, also descended from George II. Brother of the last Tsar, George died of Bronchitis and died of it before the revolution.
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Died on this day in 1767 aged 63 Prince Johann of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (my toy,wikipedia). Sister of Augusta, mother of George III. Joined the army, fought wars, eventually became a Field Marshall.

Born on this day in 1589 to Charles I, Duke of Savoy and Infanta Catherine of Spain, Margaret of Savoy (my toy,wikipedia) Grandson of Philip II of Spain who married Mary I of England (via a different wife).
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Weirdest Bug -

Using Open Office, open a new spreadsheet. In cell A1 type 'ID', in cell B1 type 'Pre' (no quotes). Save as a .csv using ; as a separator. Now open the resulting .csv file using Open Office. If you are *me* then this just straight-up doesn't work - you get a blank .csv file. Loads of *other* text works; It seems to be only if I have a word starting with P in B1 and NOT in A1. Also it works if I use , as a separator (but the bloody file is full of ,s maybe I need to trust the quoting more)?

ALSO annoyingly if a cell contents is '.' it reads (in OO) as '0' (it's not, if I read the text file it has '.'). Does not happen if cell contents is '.,.' or other '.' containing strings.
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Died on this day in 1718 aged 59 Maria (Mary) of Modena (my toy,wikipedia). Wife of James VII and II. Her marriage to the King was not popular (she was Catholic) and there was controversy about the birth of her son (it was claimed he had been smuggled in, and wasn't hers, this is unlikely to be true), unhappiness with James' Catholic tendencies lead to the Glorious Revolution and James and Mary lived the rest of their lives in exile in France. Mary was not much involved in politics.

Born on this day in 1767 to King Frederick II of Prussia and Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel, Princess Frederica of Prussia (my toy,wikipedia). Daughter-in-law of George III, also a great-great-grand-daughter of George I (so her husband's 3rd cousin (also George III's)). Her parents (Frederick and Elisabeth) were double first cousins - which means that their parents were two siblings who had married two siblings, and also that she had only 4 grand parents (also they didn't get on at all well). She had no children with the Duke of York, and separated (but did not get officially divorced) from him and lived eccentrically with her animals. Her husband and father were both Fredericks, and she was a Frederica... I think Frederick was a very popular name in the 18th century in Germany.
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Today is eeeeeelection day.

If you live in Cambridge like I do you can find where you polling station with this handy website

Polls are open from 0700-2200 (here, and I think everywhere), you don't need your polling card (but you do need to have registered to vote).
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Died on this day in 1910 aged 68 King Edward VII of UK (my toy,wikipedia). Edward VII began the tradition of royal appearances as we now know them whilst Victoria was still Queen.

Born on this day in 1890 to Claude Bowes-Lyon and Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck, Rose Bowes-Lyon (my toy,wikipedia). Sister of the Queen Mother (Aunt, therefore, of the Queen), Godmother to Princess Margaret.
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Three-Body Problem; Liu Cixin. I felt it was great all the way through, interesting ideas about physics and about psychology. A cultural perspective that I wasn't used to - the translation seems to handle this well, with just enough notes so I wasn't lost but not too heavy handed. I think right now I like this one best of all the nominees for Best Novel.

Flex; Ferrett. I sorta LJ know the author, and have read a lot of his essays, so I knew I liked his style enough to try it. Really page-turn-y, interesting magic system.

Perfect State; Sanderson. I like Sanderson's writing enough to try his novellas, which is a length I don't really get on with very well. This one seemed a bit "meh" tbh. Brains in jars. No Hoid.

Current: Altered Perceptions - this is a set of short... bits published to raise money for the editors mental health care bills. The bits are mostly "from the cutting room floor", I've enjoyed the ones by authors whose work I have generally enjoyed, and not got on with this as a way to meet new authors. Also essays by the authors on their experiences with mental ill health, which so far are all really interesting. Contains bits by authors whose work I love (eg - Seanan McGuire, Mary Robinette Kowal) and authors notsomuch (eg - Correia) and shows a lovely spirit of friendly co-operation to raise money for a fellow author suffering from the terrible US health care system

I want to read "Crusades through Arab Eyes" but my Kobo hates the character set used; my computer thinks the epub looks just fine. Not sure how to fix this.

Have acquired Rogues (short story collection, ed. GRRM).

I've got a book called "Exotic England: The making of a curious nation" which looked interesting. Or a bunch of stuff that's been hanging around forever.
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Died on this day in 1316 aged 33 Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (my toy,wikipedia). Daughter of Edward I and great-great-grand-parent of Henry V (though the de Bohun family). Elizabeth died giving birth to her 11th child, a sadly common fate.

Born on this day in 1739 to Duke Charles of Mecklenburg and Princess Elizabeth-Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Duchess Elizabeth of Mecklenburg (my toy,wikipedia). Brother of Charlotte (wife of George I). Adolphus never married and had no children, and doesn't seem to have done anything interesting as Duke.

A slightly late congratulations to Duke William of Cambridge (my toy,wikipedia) and Catherine Middleton (my toy,wikipedia) on the birth of their daughter Princess Charlotte of Cambridge (my toy,wikipedia) (youngest person with a wikipedia page??)
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Died on this day in 1471 aged 17 Edward of Westminster (my toy,wikipedia). Son of Henry VI (probably) and Margaret of Anjou. Margaret fled with Edward to France, after loosing to the Yorkists. Whilst there "in 1467 the ambassador of the Duchy of Milan to the court of France wrote that Edward "already talks of nothing but cutting off heads or making war, as if he had everything in his hands or was the god of battle or the peaceful occupant of that throne."" (from wikipedia) - Edward was Not Very Nice. He married Anne Neville (later married to Richard III) and invaded England with the help of Anne's father (who had changed sides); he lost, and died at, the battle of Tewkesbury, and that was the end of the main Lancastrian line.

Born on this day in 1008 to King Robert II of France and Constance of Arles, King Henry I of France (my toy,wikipedia). Uncle of Matilda who married William the Conker. Under Henry France was the smallest it has ever been. He married twice, lastly to Anne/Anna/Agnes of Kiev, which is going further away to find a wife than usual.
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Died on this day in 1495 aged 80 Cecily Neville (my toy,wikipedia). Mother of Edward IV and Richard III. Grand-daugher of John-of-Gaunt and Katherine Swynford. She spelled her name Cecylle, spelling was less... standardised back then and not everyone agrees on the spelling of a name. I would like my database to know that mostly Catherine/Katherine/Kathryne are the SAME NAME but I'm not sure how to teach it that, especially considering that CURRENTLY people are very attached to their spellings, and presumably the Duchess of Cambridge would object should I get her name wrong (if she knew, I mean). (Note to self - one baby girl to add... further note - should monitor currently alive people carefully in general). Cecily was the aunt of the Kingmaker (it's a big family, lots of men with the same name).

Born on this day in 1105 to Count Eustance III of Boulogne and Mary of Scotland, Countess Matilda of Boulougne (my toy,wikipedia). Wife of King Stephen (yes, he knew LOTS of women called Matilda-or-maybe-Maud; no, I don't know why Matilda and Maud are the same name, it's a lot less obvious that Catherine and Katherine). She was Stephen's 8th Cousin, they are both descendants of Alfred the Great (I guess that by today most people are...), she supported her husband in the civil war in England.
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Died yesterday in 1302 aged 54 Blanche of Artois (my toy,wikipedia). Daughter-in-law of Henry III. Edmund Crouchback was her 2nd husband, and she his 2nd wife (people died a lot, this was not an uncommon situation to be in).

Born yesterday in 1902 to Claude Bowes-Lyon and Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck, David Bowes-Lyon (my toy,wikipedia). Brother of the Queen Mother. He worked in Propaganda during the war and was later president of the Royal Horticultural Society.
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Died on this day in 1118 aged 38 Matilda of Scotland (my toy,wikipedia). Wife of King Henry I. Matilda was the daughter of the King of Scotland. She married Henry on 11/11/1100 which is a nice date :) She was sent to a nunnery when young, but did not become a nun, and was subsequently permitted to marry.

Born on this day in 1850 to Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Queen Victoria of UK, Prince Arthur (my toy,wikipedia). Arthur was an army man, and later governor of Canada.
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Died on this day in 1837 aged 73 Luise of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (my toy,wikipedia). Mother of Adelaide, who married William IV. Luise ruled Saxe-Meiningen as regent while her son (the next Duke) was a child.

Born on this day in 1662 to King James VII of Scotland & II of England and Anne Hyde, Queen Mary II of England (my toy,wikipedia). Mary was the daughter of James VII &II, her husband William II &III was the son of James' sister (also Mary); James was overthrown for being too Catholic and William & Mary became joint monarchs after the "Glorious Revolution", when Mary died William became King, when he died Mary's sister Anne became Queen (William and Mary had no children) when Anne was settled on as William's heir she had no living children and the succession looked in doubt the Act of Settlement 1701 was passed to make Sophia of Hanover next-in-line after Anne, and ruling that no Catholic should be allowed to be King.
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The how not to die book. Good reminder of things I already know, and also of the existence of things I don't know... but not a good way to learn how to do new things (helpful advice on calling for help, and what emergency supplies to take, etc. though).

Three Body Problem - continues amazing. Rather more realistic physics concerning the titular problem than Nightfall managed.

Lovelace and Babbage - couldn't resist. See. Want. Have. Start Reading. Easy to read in bits.

Well, there's still the Seanan novella, and the Sanderson novellas, and Flex. Haven't picked yet.
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Died on this day in 1417 aged 40 King Louis II of Naples (my toy,wikipedia). Grandfather of Margaret of Anjou, wife of Henry VI. Allied with various anti-popes (do popes and anti-popes annihilate on contact??)

Born on this day in 1618 to Duke Ranuccio I of Parma and Margherita Aldobrandini, Vittoria Farnese (my toy,wikipedia). Married the widower of her sister whose grand-daughter Mary of Modena married James VII & II.
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Died on this day in 1074 or 1076 (wikipedia claims that there is confusion over they year but not the date, OK then) aged 55 King Sweyn II of Denmark (my toy,wikipedia). Grandson of Sweyn who was briefly King of England (father of Cnut who was more convincingly King of England, or at least bits of it). He had to fight for the Danish throne, which was also claimed by Harald Hardrada; eventually it was settled so Hardrada got Norway and Sweyn Denmark, after Hardrada was defeated at Stamford bridge Sweyn mounted an invasion in alliance with Edgar Aetheling (grandson of King Edmund Ironside) but only got as far as York before taking money from William to give up.

Born on this day in 1442 to Richard Plantagenet and Cecily Neville, King Edward IV of England (my toy,wikipedia). Richard was descended from Edward III's son Lionel, through a daughter, and also from Edward's son Edmund; which Henry VI descended from Edward's son John. Lionel was older than John, Edmund younger. Salic law ought not apply, but Henry IV had taken the throne from Richard II through force, so Henrys V and VI presumably felt it was rightly theirs. Richard may not have disagreed so strongly if Henry VI wasn't useless as King due to (poorly specified) illness. Anyway Richard never got to be King, because he died fighting. His son Edward inherited his claim and managed to actually succeed at fighting and then he was overthrown in favour of the (still ill) Henry VI, and then he won again and this time both Henry VI and his son Edward were killed (Edward at Tewksbury, Henry in London (perhaps of natural causes, perhaps not)). Edward married Elizabeth Woodville in secret although not secret *enough* to pretend it never happened, and had her crowned Queen - the first commoner to be crowned as Queen - and had 10 children with her.
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Died: electol John of saxony (1137). Step-father of Caroline, wife of George II. Pushed into marriage to attempt to split him from his mistress, who may have been his illegitimate half-sister, it didn't work and the marriage was a disaster.

Born : Charlotte (3244). Sister-in-law of the husband of Queen Anne. Raised in the Reformed faith she managed to avoid conversion to Lutheranism when she married king Christian of Denmark. I confess to not understanding the difference
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Died on this day in 1395 aged 52 Catherine of Bohemia (my toy,wikipedia). Half sister of Anne, who married Richard II; Catherine married twice, but had no children.

Born on this day in 1575 to Grand Duke Francesco I de'Medici and Joanna of Austria, Marie de'Medici (my toy,wikipedia). Wife of Henry IV of France, mother of Henrietta who married Charles I. Regent for her young son Louis XII, she held on to power long after he was a legal adult, he eventually asserted his power and banished her from court. A great schemer.
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Died on this day in 1397 aged 47 Thomas Holland (my toy,wikipedia). Half brother of Richard II; ancestor of a lot of people who were important in the Wars of the Roses (everyone is related to everyone, of course, that's why it is the Cousins' War)

Born on this day in 1284 to King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile, King Edward II of England (my toy,wikipedia). Forced to abdicate in favour of his son.
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Died on this day in 1981 aged 76 Princess Margarita of Greece and Denmark (my toy,wikipedia). Sister of Prince Philip (husband to the current Queen). Married a man who was both her 2nd cousin once removed and her 3rd cousin.

Born on this day in 1533 William I, Prince of Orange (my toy,wikipedia). Great-grand-father of William II & III. Had 4 wives, two of them called Anna (I guess that's one way not to get the wrong name).
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Died on this day in 1016 aged 50 King Aethelred the Unready (my toy,wikipedia). Here "unready" is not the modern English word but an Old English word meaning "poor counsel" so more correctly "Aethelred the ill-advised" (which is A Joke, because Aethelred means "noble counsel"; also he was badly advised). Allegedly (probably not) he invented trial by jury. He certainly spent a lot of time fighting or trying to appease the Danes who were various invading and taking Danegeld; eventually Aethelred lost to Cnut.

Born on this day in 1464 Joan of France (my toy,wikipedia). Wife of Louis XII who later married Mary Tudor (Henry VIII's sister, not his daughter; incidentally half of everyone in Game of Thrones should be called Elizabeth, Mary, Henry, or Edward - in history loads of people have the same name, but you rarely see it in fantasy novels except for previous kings who don't appear in the books). Joan was the daughter of Louis XI. Louis XI was followed on the throne by his only son Charles VIII, who had no sons; Louis XII was the grandson of Charles V (also great-grandfather of Louis XII) and inherited because of salic law; having failed to take the throne by force earlier. Anyway, Joan was betrothed to Louis when they were both very young, he had the marriage annulled as soon as he became King (on the grounds that she was physically deformed such that the marriage was impossible to consummate and that he had been forced into the marriage). Joan became a Nun, and was canonized in 1950.
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Goblin Emperor (Addison, Katherine)
I was distracted from the climbing book... this is really good, very hard to put down! The very first scene reminds me strongly of the last scene in a different book (naming it is now a spoiler, please rot13 in comments, because others may not have read both) except that Maia (the protagonist of this book) is caught rather less prepared.

Rock Climbing, Essential Skills and Techniques (Peter, Libby)

This is a combination of the bloody obvious and the terrifyingly confusing. Hopefully I will figure it out.

Three-Body Problem (Liu, Cixin; trans. by Liu, Ken from Chinese)

So far this is very interesting. I don't often read works in translation, so I have no idea if this is typical of Chinese SF, if it is I should clearly read more. It is volume 1 of 3, the other two presumably to be translated and publish in English in due course (Tor have announced the cover for #2)

probably the Seanan McGuire novella sitting on my table at home. (I rather hate the way that it is possible to import physical books but not ebooks; stupid lack of free trade, stupid publishing industry, etc.)
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Died on this day in 1355 aged 36 Eleanor of Woodstock (my toy,wikipedia). Daughter of Edward II. Married her 2nd cousin twice removed who was rather older than her. After she was widowed she was left in poverty, and ended her life in a convent.

Born on this day in 1451 to King John II of Castile and Isabella of Portugal, Queen Isabella I of Castile (my toy,wikipedia). Mother of Catherine of Aragon (wife of Henry VIII). Her marriage to the King of Aragon united Castile and Aragon in personal union. They threw out all the Jews and Muslims from Spain and sponsored Christopher Columbus to go fuck over the new world too. Yay...
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Died on this day in 1509 aged 52 King Henry VII of England (my toy,wikipedia). Put an end (ish) to the wars of the roses by winning the battle of Bosworth Field (defeating Richard III and burying him in a carpark) and marrying his 3rd cousin Elizabeth, daughter of King Edward IV (Richard III's brother) thus jointing the houses of York and Lancaster to form the House of Tudor. He managed to leave the throne to his son Henry VIII without any fighting, a big achievement following all the previous shenanigans.

Born on this day in 1926 to King George VI of GB and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, Queen Elizabeth II of UK (my toy,wikipedia). Currently Queen. Happy birthday dear Queeeeeenie, happy birthday to you.
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I'm sure I started yesterday's... obviously I didn't get around to posting it.

Also, apparently the auto-email thing doesn't believe in BST...

Died yesterday in 1137 aged 38 Duke William X of Aquitaine (my toy,wikipedia). Father of Eleanor, wife of Henry II.

I've got no-one born on the 19th April; out of 1767 people with known birthdays. I'm not sure if this is especially unlikely.

Died on this day in 1578 aged 33 Lady Mary Grey (my toy,wikipedia). Sister of Jane Grey. Since Queen Elizabeth had no children the surviving Grey sisters were her heirs - both married without permission, and were arrested for doing so.

Born on this day in 1884 to Duke Alfred of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Grand Duchess Maria of Russia, Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (my toy,wikipedia). Grand-daughter of Queen Victoria. Beatrice married into the Spanish royal family and converted to Catholicism.
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Died on this day in 1712 aged 19 Louisa Stuart (my toy,wikipedia). Daughter of James II & VII, born after his exile, she lived in France.

Born on this day in 1622 to Frederick V Elector Palatine and Elizabeth the Winter Queen, Princess Louise of the Palatinate (my toy,wikipedia). Grandchild of James I &VI, aunt of George I. Louise was a talented painter, some of her works are in German museums. To the confusion of her family she went to France, converted to Catholicism and became a nun.
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Died on this day in 1271 aged 30 Isabella of France (my toy,wikipedia); cousin once removed of the wife of Henry III. Married the King of Navarre, as part of a peace deal between her father (the King of France) and her new-husband. She went on Crusade with her father and husband, who both then died, she retired to Provence.

Born on this day in 1154 to King Sancho VI of Navarre and Sancha of Castile, Sancho VII of Navarre (my toy,wikipedia). Brother of Berengaria who married Richard I. Fought with other bits of Spain, and was quite friendly towards England.
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Died on this day in 1375 aged 27 John Hastings (my toy,wikipedia). Married Margaret, daughter of Edward III. He was born after the death of his father.

Born on this day in 1588 to Duke Charles I of Savoy and Infanta Catherine of Spain, Emanuel of Savoy (my toy,wikipedia). Grandchild of Philip II of Spain who had married Mary I (through another wife). Emanuel was going to be a priest but instead he joined the military, later becoming Grand Admiral of Spain. He died of plague, without every marrying.
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Lagoon (Okorafor,Nnedi). Which is awesome. It's got aliens, but also magic. It's set in Lagos, Nigeria (and the author is Nigerian American), which is a nice change.

Literally just finished Lagoon.
I'm still working on the Other Half of the Sky; which is still a diverse collection of short stories, which makes it hard to get really stuck into for hours.

Well, I've got a Seanan McGuire novella to read (imported at great expense from Subteranean Press because the publishing industry thinks it's amusing to region-lock things, so ebooks are only available to people with US billing addresses, but of course you can actually IMPORT paper books). Because it's on paper it's not with me on my ereader... it's also very pretty, and I don't want to bash it up. Mermaids! I am excited.

Also I just bought Goblin Emperor. It's up for a Hugo, so I should probably read it soon.

I still have Flex, and also some Sanderson novellas...

And I've found the Locus best of 2014 list... which might keep me going a while.

But I think the next thing to read is the how-not-to-die climbing book, before I go on a climbing trip and need to know how not to die doing it (I mostly know that already). Borrowing the book from Emperor.
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Died on this day in 1053 aged 52 Godwin (my toy,wikipedia). Father of Harald Godwinson. Earl of Wessex. Godwin supported Cnut, and later his sons Harald Harefoot and Harthacnut; after Harthacnut's death Godwin then supported Edward, the last surviving son of Aethelred the Unready, who had be living in Normandy (presumably to avoid Cnut et. al.) who married Godwin's daughter Edith (this is about as close as the house of Godwin get to a "legitimate claim" to the throne, obviously having an army was vastly more important). After his death Harold succeeded him in Wessex.

Born on this day in 1367 to John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster, King Henry IV of England (my toy,wikipedia). Nicked the throne offof Richard II. In a move not guaranteed to ensure the future peaceful stability of the country.
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Died on this day in 1471 aged 42 Richard Neville (my toy,wikipedia). Father of Anne, who married Richard III; and a descendent of John of Gaunt. Earl of Warwick. Known as "Kingmaker" for his part in the Wars of the Roses; most of that story is pretty well known.

Born on this day in 1857 to Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Queen Victoria of UK, Princess Beatrice (my toy,wikipedia). Beatrice was a close confidante of her mother, and stayed close to her even after she married.
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Died on this day in 1275 aged 60 Eleanor of Leicester (my toy,wikipedia). Daughter of John. She married for the first time at *9*. Shockingly young. He died 7 years later (she was then 16), they had no children (lucky her). She married again, secretly, to Simon de Montfort. They were later exiled after de Montfort tried to take the thrown by force.

Born on this day in 1662 to Duke John I of Saxe-Eisenach and Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein, Princess Eleonore of Saxe-Eisenach (my toy,wikipedia). Mother of Caroline of Ansbach who married George II. Her second marriage was a disaster, he wanted to marry his mistress (apparently not posh enough for his family) and even tried to have his wife killed.
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Died yesterday in 902Ealhswith (my toy,wikipedia). daughter-in-law of Edward III; great great grand daughter of Edward I. Married 4 times and had no children.

Born yesterday in 1577 to King Frederick II of Denmark and Norway and Sophie of Mecklenburg-Gustrow, King Christian IV of Denmark (my toy,wikipedia). Nephew of Anne who married James I and VI. Had 2 wives, a lot of children, and a war with Sweden.
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Died on this day in 1447 aged 70 Henry Beaufort (my toy,wikipedia). One of the children of John of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford. Bishop of Winchester, and a Cardinal. Part of the regency council when Henry VI was a child. Presided over the trial of Joan of Arc.

Born on this day in 1374 to Edmund Mortimer and Philippa, Roger Mortimer (my toy,wikipedia). Father of Anne who married a grandson of Edward III. Also the son of Philippa, daughter of Lionel of Antwerp, son of Edward III; so possibly he ought have been king rather than Henry IV, son of John of Gaunt who was a younger son of Edward III. But the Mortimer claim is via a woman! which is clearly bad! Or maybe Henry *had a bigger army*. Anyway, he didn't get to Be King.
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Died on this day in 1183 aged 56 Peter I of Courtenay (my toy,wikipedia). Grandfather of the wife of King John, child of Louis VI.

Born on this day in 1512 to King James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor, King James V of Scotland (my toy,wikipedia). Grandfather of James VI & I. He would sometimes travel around Scotland disguised as a common man, describing himself as the "Gudeman of Ballengeich" <- today's interesting fact is that this is a dance, and I didn't know it was about James V.


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